美国硅谷的医疗3D打印创新平台3DHEALS（3dheals.com）创始人 Dr. Jenny Chen (陈慧洁)对3D科学谷联合创始人朱琳进行了采访。以下是采访原文：
When was the first encounter you had with 3D printing? What was that experience like? What were you thinking at that moment?
A: 初次接触3D打印是在2013年，那时我还在德国机床企业DMG 工作，当时在媒体上看到对3D打印的报道，仅是一台工业级3D打印设备就可以直接制造出塑料零件。这对于在机械加工行业工作的我来说触动很深，因为在传统制造中，需要通过复杂的模具制造以及注塑生产才能够制造出塑料零件或产品。而3D打印技术无需通过模具，就可以进行直接制造，无疑是具有颠覆性的。这引起了我对3D打印技术与其应用的兴趣。
My first encounter with 3D printing was in 2013 when I was working at the German machine tool company DMG. That’s when I saw reports on 3D printing in the media, and only one industrial-grade 3D printing device could directly manufacture plastic parts. This was very exciting news for the machining industry because, in traditional manufacturing, complex plastic parts or products can be manufactured using complex tooling and injection molding process. However, 3D printing technology can be directly manufactured without going through the mold injection method, which is undoubtedly disruptive. This has piqued my interest in 3D printing technology and its applications.
What inspired you to start your journey in 3D printing (bio-fabrication/bio-printing)?
A:2014年，我跟随3D科学谷的创始人Kitty Wang 一起运营3D科学谷。3D科学谷专注于工业3D打印/增材制造，专注于对增材技术及其产业化应用的洞察。在这个愿景的基础上，我们通过发布应用白皮书与专业评论性文章来跟踪增材制造技术的应用发展，医疗行业是3D科学谷关注的重点应用领域之一，也刚好是我工作中主要负责研究的领域。
In 2014, I co-founded 3D Science Valley with Kitty Wang. 3D Science Valley specializes in industrial 3D printing/additive manufacturing, focusing on insights into additive technology and its industrial applications. Based on this vision, we track the application development of additive manufacturing technology by publishing application white papers and professional articles. The medical industry is one of the key application areas of 3D Science Valley, and it is also the main research responsibility in my work.
The medical industry provides solid ground for the industrialized application using additive manufacturing technology. Among them, orthopedic implants and dental Invisalign appliances are successful commercial 3D printing applications, and in the future, rehabilitation aids or tissue engineering. There will also be more and more 3D printing applications with large industrial potential.
Who inspired you the most along this journey in 3D printing? This can be a mentor, a patient, a celebrity, anyone basically. You can name more than one as well.
A: 3D科学谷的创始人Kitty Wang, 和她一起探索3D打印技术的发展，是一件非常酷的事情，她对于增材制造和商业总有独到而令人意想不到的见解。
Kitty Wang, the founder of 3D Science Valley. She is very passionate about exploring the development of 3D printing technology. She has unique insights into additive manufacturing and commerce.
What motivates you the most for your work?
The motivation behind my work comes from many aspects. For example, through the observation of the past development of 3D printing medical applications, I can feel there is large potential future development of this field. With the support of 3D printing technology, the treatment methods of orthopedics, dentistry and other medical disciplines will be more and more personalized and precise. It is exciting to be able to feel these developments. Some of my past works, such as white papers, articles, books, etc., have contributed to the application of 3D printing technology in manufacturing, and have been recognized by the application readers. This makes me feel I have achieved something meaningful.
What is/are the biggest obstacle(s) in your line of work? If you have conquered them, what were your solutions?
I hope that I can multitask better. In the future, I hope I will have more engagements with potential users of 3D printing such as hospitals and medical device manufacturers.
What do you think is (are) the biggest challenge(s) in 3D Printing/bio-printing? What do you think the potential solution(s) is (are)?
A: 中国并不缺乏具有医疗器械增材制造能力的企业，但是3D打印医疗器械产业化的难点在于如何能够申请到增材制造医疗器械的注册证。CFDA 已经在完善增材制造医疗器械审批指导原则了，相信监管审批方面会越来越成熟。但对于企业来说，特别是研发骨科植入物这样的三类器械的企业来说，如何满足CFDA 对报批器械的documentation 的要求是具有难度的，这一点国外的先进企业借助了生产过程执行管理软件（MES）的力量，对于增材制造这一面向规模化定制的数字化技术来说，利用好MES 软件则更为重要，这一点可为国内企业所借鉴。
China does not lack enterprises with the ability to manufacture medical devices. However, the difficulty in industrializing 3D printed medical devices is how to apply for the registration of medical devices for additive manufacturing. CFDA has already improved the guidelines for the approval of medical devices for additive manufacturing and believes that future regulatory approvals will become more mature. However, for enterprises, especially those who develop instruments such as orthopedic implants, it is challenging to meet the CFDA’s requirements. Foreign companies have done better, relying on the advanced companies. The power of software (MES, Manufacturing Execution System). For scalable digital/additive manufacturing, the use of good MES software is very important. I think domestic (Chinese) enterprises can also use this strategy.
If you are granted three wishes by a higher being, what would they be?
Having more time to recharge and learn; Meeting more capable and interesting people at work; Sharing more of my insights on technology and social development with my child.
What advice would you give to a smart driven college student in the “real world”? What bad advice you heard should they ignore?
I would recommend the college students that, in addition to professional studies, they should also learn more about the business and technology development trends, and look to becoming a cross-border talent. In addition, either in the process of learning or at work, try to always stay close with outstanding people.
If you could have a giant billboard to promote a message to millions and even billions of people in our community (i.e. healthcare 3D printing and bio-fabrication), what message would that be?
3D printing and digital technology bring more personalized and convenient manufacturing solutions for medical treatment, making treatment more precise and life more dignified. It is necessary to enhance the communication between doctors, 3D printing hardware, software vendors and service providers worldwide. Promote the development of technology and the process of commercialization.
What were/was the best investment you made in 3D printing/bio-printing/bio-fabrication?
The best investment I have made in the field of medical 3D printing is to spend a lot of energy to track the application development of this technology.
What do you enjoy in your spare time? What are you passionate about outside of your work/3d printing?
Stay fit, study, travel and share happiness with family after work.
What does the word “3DHEALS” mean to you?
3DHEALS is a very dynamic international 3D printing medical community. In 3DHEALS, any company or individual interested in 3D printing medical technology can get cutting-edge information and find like-minded partners.